GEMARA. Our Rabbis taught: And after that the nazirite may drink wine3 means after [the performance of] all that has to be done.4 This is the opinion of R. Eliezer, but the Sages said that [it means] after any Single act.5
What is the Rabbis' reason? — In this verse it is written, 'And after that the nazirite may drink wine,' whilst in the preceding verse occur the words, After he has shaven his consecrated head,6 and so just as there ['after'] means after the single act, here too it means after a single act.
Rab said: The rite of 'waving' in the case of the nazirite is indispensable.9
Whose opinion does this follow? Shall I say that of the Rabbis? Surely, since the Rabbis do not consider polling indispensable, the 'waving' is certainly not so!10 It must therefore be that of R. Eliezer. But then it is obvious, for R. Eliezer has said that [the verse11 means] 'after all that has to be done'? — It might be thought that since in the matter of atonement it is merely a non-essential feature12 of the [sacrificial] rite,13 it is also not indispensable here, and so we are told [by Rab that this is not so].14
Nazir 46bBut is it in fact indispensable? Has it not been taught: This is the law of the nazirite1 [signifies] whether he has hands or not?2 — But then, when we are taught: 'This is the law of the nazirite' signifies whether he has hair or not,3 would this also mean that [polling] can be dispensed with?4 Are we not taught further: A bald nazirite, say Beth Shammai, need not pass a razor over his head, whereas Beth Hillel say that he must pass a razor over his head;5 and Rabina has explained that Beth Shammai's 'need not' signifies that he has no remedy,6 whilst in Beth Hillel's view there is a remedy?7
The above interpretation [by Rabina of the Baraitha] agrees with that of R. Pedath. For R. Pedath has said that Beth Shammai [in this Baraitha] and R. Eliezer hold the same opinion. The [dictum of] R. Eliezer referred to [is the following]. It has been taught: If [the leper] has no [right] thumb or great toe8 he can never become clean. This is the opinion of R. Eliezer. R. Simeon said that [the blood] should be put on their place and this would be valid, whilst the Sages said that it should be put on his left [thumb and great toe] and this would be valid.9
Whose opinion does this follow? Shall I say that of R. Eliezer? It would be obvious. Since R. Eliezer said that [the nazirite cannot drink wine until] after [the completion of] all that has to be done! Therefore it must be that of the Rabbis. But seeing that the Rabbis say that polling [itself] is not indispensable, certainly the waving' [which follows polling] can be dispensed with?
But can it be dispensed with? Has it not been taught: 'This is the law of the nazirite' signifies whether he has hands or no?12 — But then when we are taught: 'This is the law of the nazirite' signifies whether he has hair or no, would this also mean that [polling] is indispensable?13 Have we not been taught further: A bald nazirite, say Beth Shammai, need not pass a razor over his head whilst Beth Hillel say that he must pass a razor over his head?14 — R. Abina replied: 'Must' according to Beth Hillel signifies that he has no remedy,15 whereas according to Beth Shammai he has a remedy.
This interpretation [of the Baraitha by R. Abina] differs from that of R. Pedath.16
MISHNAH. SHOULD HE POLL AFTER ONE OF THE SACRIFICES AND THIS BE FOUND INVALID,17 HIS POLLING IS INVALID18 AND HIS SACRIFICES19 DO NOT COUNT: [THUS]20 SHOULD HE POLL AFTER THE SIN-OFFERING, WHICH WAS NOT OFFERED AS SUCH,21 AND THEN OFFER THE OTHER SACRIFICES UNDER THEIR CORRECT DESIGNATIONS, HIS POLLING IS INVALID AND [NONE OF] HIS SACRIFICES COUNTS FOR HIM. [SIMILARLY], SHOULD HE POLL AFTER THE BURNT-OFFERING OR THE PEACE-OFFERING, WHICH HAVE NOT BEEN OFFERED AS SUCH, AND THEN OFFER THE OTHER SACRIFICES UNDER THEIR CORRECT DESIGNATION, HIS POLLING IS INVALID AND [NONE OF] HIS SACRIFICES COUNTS FOR HIM. R. SIMEON SAID: THAT PARTICULAR SACRIFICE DOES NOT COUNT,22 BUT HIS OTHER SACRIFICES DO COUNT.
SHOULD HE POLL AFTER ALL THREE SACRIFICES AND ONE OF THEM BE FOUND VALID, HIS POLLING IS VALID AND HE HAS [ONLY] TO BRING THE OTHER SACRIFICES.
GEMARA. R. Adda b. Ahaba said: This [Mishnah] tells us that R. Simeon is of the opinion that a nazirite who polls after offering a voluntary peace-offering has fulfilled his religious obligation.23 Why is this so? Because the verse Says, And put it on the fire which is under the sacrifice of peace-offerings,24 and not 'his peaceofferings'.25
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