GEMARA. A Tanna taught: [The procedure laid down in the Mishnah] applies only in the case of a short naziriteship,1 but in the case of a naziriteship of [say,] a year, he may eat sacred meats [only] after two years, and drink wine and touch the dead after four years,2 It has been taught further in connection with this: He must poll four times.3 At the first polling he brings a pair of birds, a bird as a sin-offering, and an animal as a burnt-offering.4 At the second [polling] he brings a bird as a sin-offering and an animal as a burnt-offering. At the third he [again] brings a bird as a sin-offering and an animal as a burnt-offering. At the fourth he brings the sacrifice [due on terminating the naziriteship] in purity.
It has just been said: 'At the first polling he brings etc.' [In this way] whatever the facts are he offers the correct [sacrifice]. For if he was certainly a leper but was not defiled, the pair of birds are [in discharge of] his obligation,5 the bird as a sin-offering [is a sacrifice offered] in doubt and is to be buried, and the burnt-offering is a free-will offering. He cannot however be shaved [a second time] seven days hence,6 for perhaps he is not a confirmed leper and the All-Merciful has said [of the nazirite]. There shall no razor come upon his head until [the days] be fulfilled.7 If, on the other hand, he was not certainly a leper but he was defiled, then the bird as a sin-offering is [in discharge of] his obligation,8 the pair of birds, being prepared without [the Temple court]9 are not [in the category of] profane [animals] brought into the Temple-court,10 whilst the animal as a burnt-offering is a freewill-offering. Finally, if he was neither a leper nor defiled, then the pair of birds are [in any case] prepared without [the Temple-court],11 the bird as a sin-offering is to be buried, and the animal as a burnt-offering is [in discharge of] his obligation [as a clean nazirite].12
At the second and third polling a pair of birds is unnecessary for these have been prepared.15 What [doubt] is there [remaining]? That perhaps he was actually a confirmed leper?16 [Because of this he offers] one [of the two birds as a sin-offering,]17 for the doubt on account of the tale of days18 and one for the doubt on account of defilement.19
At the fourth polling he brings the sacrifice in purity and stipulates
Nazir 60bthat if he was actually a [clean] nazirite,1 the first burnt offering was [in discharge of] his obligation and the present one is a freewill-offering, whilst if he was defiled and a confirmed leper, the first burnt-offering was a freewill-offering and this one is [in discharge of] his obligation and the other [animals] are the rest of his sacrifice.
[A nazirite] who was in doubt whether he had been defiled but certainly been a confirmed leper, may eat sacred meats after eight days,2 and may drink wine and touch the dead after sixty-seven days,3 One who was in doubt whether he had been a confirmed leper but had certainly been defiled, may eat sacred meats after thirty-seven days,4 and may drink wine and touch the dead after seventy-four days.' One who was certainly defiled and certainly a confirmed leper may eat sacred meats after eight days, and may drink wine and touch the dead after forty-four days.5
R. Simeon b. Yohai was asked by his disciples: May a ritually clean nazirite who was a leper poll once only6 and have it reckoned for both purposes?7 — He replied: He cannot poll in this way.8 They then asked him: Why? — He replied: If both [the nazirite and the leper polled] in order that it should grow again,9 or both [polled] In order to remove [the hair],10 your suggestion would be sound, but as it is the nazirite [polls] to remove [the hair] and the leper [polls] to let it grow again. [They then said:] Granted that it should not count [for both pollings] after the period of confirmed leprosy, let it still count [for both] after his tale of days?11 — He replied: If both were required to poll before the sprinkling of the blood [of the sacrifice], your suggestion would be sound, but here the leper polls before the sprinkling of the blood12 and the nazirite after the sprinkling of the blood.13 [They next suggested that though the one polling] should not count both for the days of his leprosy and his naziriteship, yet it ought to count for the days [both] of his leprosy and of his defilements.14 [R. Simeon, however,] said to them: If both [polled] before bathing, your proposal would be sound, but the defiled [nazirite polls] after bathing15 and the leper16 before bathing.17
[Another version of the discussion is as follows.]18 They said to him: You have given a good reason why ii should not count [both] for his tale of days and for his naziriteship, but why should not [one polling] count for his period of confirmed leprosy as well as for his defilement, since in both cases [the polling] is to allow [the hair] to grow? — He replied: In the case of a ritually clean nazirite who is a leper, [the purpose of] the one [polling]19 is for [the hair] to grow again and the other20 is to remove [the hair], whilst in the case of a defiled nazirite who is a leper, the latter [polling takes place] before bathing and the former after bathing.
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