Whether it is fastened or not, providing that it was prepared.1 Said R. Jeremiah to him, But let the Master say, Whether it is suspended or not, providing that it is fastened;2 for Rabbah b. Bar Hanah said in R. Johanan's name: Just as there is a controversy here, so is there a controversy in respect of a dragging bolt.3 For we learnt: With a dragging bolt, one may lock [the door] in the Temple, but not in the country;4 but one that is laid apart [on the ground]5 is forbidden in both places. R. Judah said: That which is laid apart [is permitted] in the Temple; and that which is dragged, in the country. Now it was taught: Which is a dragging bolt wherewith we may close (a door] in the Temple but not in the country? That which is fastened (to the door] and suspended — one end reaching the ground. R. Judah said: Such is permitted even in the country. But which is forbidden in the country? That which is neither fastened nor suspended — but which one removes and places in a corner. Further, R. Joshua b. Abba said in 'Ulla's name: Who is the Tanna of 'a dragging bolt?'6 It is R. Eleazar!7 Said he to him, I hold with the following Tanna. For it was taught: If a private individual prepares8 a cane for opening and shutting [a door] therewith: if it is tied and suspended to the door, he may open and shut [it] therewith; if it is not tied and suspended may not open and shut [it] therewith. R. Simeon b. Gamaliel ruled: If it is prepared9 even if it is not fastened.10
R. Judah b. Shilath said in R. Assi's name in R. Johanan's name: The halachah is as R. Simeon b. Gamaliel. Now, did R. Johanan say thus? Surely we learnt: All lids of vessels
which have a handle on the Sabbath. Whereon R. Judah b. Shila said in R. Assi's name in R. Johanan's name: Providing that they have the character of utensils.1 And should you answer, Here too [it means] where it ranks as a utensil,2 — does then R. Simeon b. Gamaliel require it to have the character of a utensil? Surely it was taught: As for the dried branches of a palm tree which one cut down for fuel and then changed his mind, [intending them for sitting thereon], he must tie them together.3 R. Simeon b. Gamaliel said: He need not tie them together!4 — R. Johanan agrees with him in one5 and disagrees with him in the other.6 R. Isaac the smith7 lectured at the entrance of the Resh Galutha:8 The halachah is as R. Eliezer. R. Amram objected: And from their words we learn that we may close (a skylight], measure [a mikweh], and tie [a temporary knot] on the Sabbath!9 — Said Abaye to him, What is your view: because it is taught anonymously?10 [But the Mishnah concerning] a dragging bolt is also anonymous!11 — Yet even so an actual incident is weightier.12
MISHNAH. ALL LIDS OF UTENSILS WHICH HAVE A HANDLE MAY BE HANDLED ON THE SABBATH. SAID R. JOSE, WHEN IS THAT SAID? IN THE CASE OF LIDS OF GROUND [BUILDINGS],13 BUT THE LIDS OF UTENSILS MAY IN ANY CASE BE HANDLED ON THE SABBATH.
GEMARA. R. Judah b. Shila said in R. Assi's name in R. Johanan's name: Provided that they have the character of a utensil. All agree: Covers of ground [buildings may be handled] only if they have a handle but not otherwise; covers of utensils, even if they have no handle. Where do they differ? In respect of utensils joined to the ground: one Master holds: We forbid (them] preventively,14 while the other Master holds, We do not forbid preventively. Another version: Where do they differ? In respect of an oven cover:15 one Master likens it to the cover of a ground [building], while the other Master likens it to the cover of utensils.
MISHNAH. ONE MAY CLEAR AWAY EVEN FOUR OR FIVE BASKETS OF STRAW OR PRODUCE [GRAIN] TO MAKE ROOM FOR GUESTS OR ON ACCOUNT OF THE NEGLECT OF THE BETH HAMIDRASH,16 BUT NOT THE STORE.17 ONE MAY CLEAR AWAY CLEAN TERUMAH, DEM'AI,18 THE FIRST TITHE WHOSE TERUMAH HAS BEEN SEPARATED,19 REDEEMED SECOND TITHE AND HEKDESH,20 AND DRY LUPINES, BECAUSE IT IS FOOD FOR GOATS.21 BUT [ONE MAY] NOT [CLEAR AWAY] TEBEL,18 THE FIRST TITHE WHEREOF TERUMAH HAS NOT BEEN TAKEN, UNREDEEMED SECOND TITHE OR HEKDESH, LOF22 OR MUSTARD. R. SIMEON B. GAMALIEL PERMITS [IT] IN THE CASE OF LOF, BECAUSE IT IS FOOD FOR RAVENS.23 AS FOR BUNDLES OF STRAW,24 TWIGS, OR YOUNG SHOOTS, IF THEY WERE PREPARED AS ANIMAL FODDER, THEY MAY BE MOVED; IF NOT, THEY MAY NOT BE MOVED.25
GEMARA. Seeing that five may be cleared away, need four be stated? — Said R. Hisda: [It means] four out of five.26 Some there are who state, Four of a small store,27 and five of a large store. And what does BUT NOT THE STORE mean?28 That one must not commence [dealing] with a store for the first time;29 and which [Tanna] rules [thus]? It is R. Judah, who accepts [the interdict of] mukzeh. But Samuel said: [It means] four or five
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