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Babylonian Talmud: Tractate Shabbath
He may spread them out in the sun, but not in the sight of people; R. Eleazar and R. Simeon forbid it.1
AND WITH THE WADDING IN HER EAR. Rami b. Ezekiel learnt: Providing it is tied to her ear.
AND WITH THE WADDING IN HER SANDALS. Rami b. Ezekiel learnt: Providing it is tied to her sandal.
AND WITH THE CLOTH SHE PREPARED FOR HER MENSTRUATION. Rami b. Ezekiel thought to say, Providing it is fastened between her thighs. Said Raba, Even if it is not tied to her: since it is repulsive, she will not come to carry it.2 R. Jeremiah asked R. Abba: What if she made a handle for it?3 — It is permitted, replied he.4 It was stated likewise: R. Nahman b. Oshaia said in R. Johanan's name: [Even] if she made a handle for it, it is permitted.
R. Johanan used to go out with them5 to the Beth Hamidrash, but his companions disagreed with him.6 R. Jannai would go out with it into a karmelith7 but all his contemporaries disagreed with him. But Rami b. Ezekiel learnt: Providing it is tied to her ear?8 — There is no difficulty: in the one case it is firmly placed;9 in the other it was not.10
WITH A PEPPERCORN, AND WITH A GLOBULE OF SALT. A peppercorn is for [counteracting] the [evil] breath of the mouth; a globule of salt is for the gum.11
AND WITH ANYTHING THAT SHE PLACES12 IN HER MOUTH. [Sc.] ginger, or cinnamon.
AN ARTIFICIAL TOOTH, [OR] A GOLD TOOTH, — RABBI PERMITS BUT THE SAGES FORBID IT. R. Zera said: They taught this only of a gold [tooth], but as for a silver one, all agree that it is permitted.13
Abaye said: Rabbi, R. Eliezer, and R. Simeon b. Eleazar all hold that whatever detracts from a person['s appearance], one will not come to display it. Rabbi, as stated.14 R. Eliezer, for it was taught: R. Eliezer declares [her] non-culpable on account of a kobeleth and a flask of spikenard oil.15 R. Simeon b. Eleazar, for it was taught: R. Simeon b. Eleazar stated a general rule: Whatever is [worn] beneath the net, one may go out therewith; whatever is [worn] above the net, one may not go out with it.16
MISHNAH. SHE MAY GO FORTH WITH THE SELA'17 ON A ZINITH [CALLUS]. YOUNG GIRLS18 MAY GO OUT WITH THREADS, AND EVEN WITH CHIPS IN THEIR EARS.19 ARABIAN WOMEN MAY GO FORTH VEILED, AND MEDIAN WOMEN MAY GO FORTH WITH THEIR CLOAKS THROWN OVER THEIR SHOULDERS.20 INDEED, ALL PEOPLE [MAY DO LIKEWISE]. BUT THAT THE SAGES SPOKE OF NORMAL USAGE.21 A WOMAN MAY WEIGHT [HER CLOAK] WITH A STONE, NUT, OR COIN, PROVIDING THAT SHE DOES NOT ATTACH THE WEIGHT IN THE FIRST PLACE ON THE SABBATH.
GEMARA. What is ZINITH? A growth caused by the soil.22 And why particularly a sela'? Shall we say that anything hard is beneficial thereto? Then let a shard be prepared for it? Again, if it is on account of the corrosion,23 let a metal foil be used? But if it is on account of the figure,24 let him use any circular plate?25 Said Abaye: This proves that all [these things] are beneficial for it.26
YOUNG GIRLS MAY GO OUT WITH THREADS. Samuel's father did not permit his daughters to go out with threads, nor to sleep together; and he made mikwa'oth27 for them in the days of Nisan, and had mats placed in the days of Tishri.28 'He did not permit them to go out with threads'. But we learnt, YOUNG GIRLS MAY GO OUT WITH THREADS! — The daughters of Samuel's father had coloured ones.29 'He did not permit them to sleep together'. Shall we say that this supports R. Huna? For R. Huna said: Women that commit lewdness with one another are unfit for the priesthood.30 —
No: it was in order that they should not become accustomed to a foreign body. 'And he made a mikweh for them in the days of Nisan'. This supports Rab, for Rab said: Rain in the West [Palestine] is strongly testified to by the Euphrates;1 and he [Samuel's father] feared that the rainwater might exceed the running water.2 Now, he differs from Samuel, who said: A river increases in volume from its beds.3 But this conflicts with another [statement] of his. For Samuel said: No water purifies when flowing, save the Euphrates in the days of Tishri alone.4
A WOMAN MAY WEIGHT [HER CLOAK] WITH A STONE, etc. But you say in the first clause, that she may weight it?5 — Said Abaye: The second clause refers to a coin.6
Abaye asked: May a woman evade [the Sabbath prohibition] by weighting [her cloak] with a nut in order to carry it out to her infant child on the Sabbath? This is a problem on the view of both him who maintains that an artifice may be used and him who holds that an artifice may not be used.7 It is a problem on the view that all artifice may be used in the case of a conflagration: that is only there, because if you do not permit it to him, he will come to extinguish it; but here, if you do not permit it, one will not come to carry it [sc. the nut] out.8 Or perhaps, even on the view that all artifice may not be used; there that is a normal way of carrying [clothes] out;9 but here this is not a usual way of carrying it, and therefore I might say that it is well.10 The question stands over.
MISHNAH. A STUMP-LEGGED PERSON MAY GO FORTH WITH HIS WOODEN STUMP:11 THIS IS R. MEIR'S VIEW;
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